"Bringing the People Back In: A Case for Popular Policy-Making in Culture"
Today, participatory planning which involves the people in initiating the direction of development has become mainstream. For development, people's planning has been regarded as the most obvious expression of democracy. But who is "the people"? Democracy is not majoritarianism. Most voters-based planning is an undemocratic process, a process where the voices of minorities and subaltern groups are considered inconsequential compared to the will of the majority. In this case, Indonesia has a particular tradition called deliberative democracy (musyawarah mufakat) where people continue to discuss until there is a common opinion, without going through the voting mechanism. However, public planning based on deliberative processes is not without problems. In addition to consuming considerable time and energy, this process does not in itself guarantee to uphold the democratic principles because behind equality of opinion may lurk the fact of social intimidation. It is here that culture plays an important role.
Based on this consideration, this sub-theme will explore the following points:
- Best practices of deliberative process-based popular planning and cultural approach
- The challenges of popular planning based on deliberative processes and cultural approach
- Identification of actors and stakeholders in deliberative process-based popular planning and cultural approach
- How should we envision the future by 2030 and steps to achieve the target?
- The expected role of IFAC in escorting the planned agenda of community-based deliberative processes and a cultural approach